Cervical cancer prognosis has increased greatly with the use of the Pap smear. The Pap smear is used to find precancerous cells and treat them at that stage before they have a chance to grow and spread. With the continued use of the Pap smear and advances in other treatments, deaths from cervical cancer are on the decline. Between the years of 1955 and 1992, the death caused by cervical cancer has decreased by 74%.
Many factors will determine the prognosis of the cancer. The age and general health of the patient as well as the cancer stage are factors the doctor considers to give a prognosis. Cervical cancer largely affects women between 35 and 55 years of age. The cancer stage and age of the patient play a vital role in cancer survival.
Cervical cancer survival rates are useful to see the success rate for the different cervical cancer stages. These numbers can give women confidence that when the cancer is detected early, the chance is high for a successful treatment. The survival rate is measured in a five year time period. This means from the time of diagnosis to five years later how many women are still alive.
When the cervical cancer is in stage I, the survival rate can be as high as 96 percent. This shows the value of early detection in the treatment of cancer.
Stage II cervical cancer has a lower survival rate. Cancer cells have spread to tissue outside of the uterus making the cancer harder to treat. However the five year survival, which is still high, is between 65 and 87 percent.
As for the stage III, the cancer has increased beyond the parameters of stage II, but it has also caused changes to other organs, such as the kidney. As a result, stage III survival rates are at most 50 percent.
Stage IV is the final stage of cervical cancer. In this stage, the cancer has spread to other organs of the body. Because the cancer has advanced to this point, the threat to life of this cancer increases. The survival rate is around 20 percent.
Being diagnosed with cervical cancer can be frightening for any woman, but it helps to know that it is possible to treat this disease with success. Even if a woman is diagnosed with a more advanced stage of cervical cancer, it is important for her to remember that these are numbers taken from large groups of cancer patients. Each individual can respond to treatment differently, so the success can be different from one patient to another.